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A/D

analog-to-digital

AC

alternating current

ACM

Association for Computing Machinery

ACS

a. Acceptance Criteria Specification

b. American computer Society

c. Adaptive computing system

ADC

analog-to-digital converter

ADSL

asymmetric digital subscriber line

AF

audio frequency

AFC

automatic frequency control

AI

artificial intelligence

AM

amplitude modulation

AMLCD

active-matrix liquid crystal display

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

APG

a. Algorithmic Pattern Generator.

b. Automatig program generator

API

a. Application Programming Interface.

b. A collection of C functions or C++ classes.

AQL

acceptance quality level

ASCII

American (National) Standard Code for

Information Interchange

ASIC

application-specific integrated circuit

ASQC

American Society of Quality Control

ATE

automatic test equipment

ATG

automatic test generation

ATM

asynchronous transfer mode

ATPG

automatic test program (or pattern) generator

BCD

binary-coded decimal

BER

bit error rate

BERT

bit error rate test

BGA

ball-grid array

BIOS

basic input-output system

BIST

built-in self-test

BIT

a. built-in test

b. Single Binary digit

BNC

bayonet-Neill-Concelman

BOM

Bill of Materials

BS

boundary scan

BSDL

Boundary-Scan Description Language

BSI

British Standards Institution

BYTE

a. 8 bits

b. built-in test equipment

CAD

computer-aided design

CAE

computer-aided engineering

CASE

computer-aided software engineering

CAE

computer-aided engineering

CASE

computer-aided software engineering

CAT

computer-aided test

CATC

Customer Acceptance Test Criteria

CCB

Change Control Board

CCD

charge-coupled device

chip

Jargon for a packaged device; a synonym for die.

CIIL

Common Instrument (or Control Intermediate)

Interface Language

CISC

complex instruction set computer

CLCC

ceramic leaded chip carrier

CM

Custom Modification

CMF

Common Mode Failure

CML

Current mode logic

CMOS

complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

CMRR

common-mode rejection ratio

CMV

common-mode voltage

CMVR

common-mode voltage ratio

COB

chip-on-board

CODEC

coder-decoder

CORBA

Common Object-Request Broaker Architecture

COTS

commercial off-the-shelf

CPLD

complex programable logic device

CPS

characters per second

cps

cycles per second

CPU

central processing unit

CR

Current Production

CRC

cyclic redundancy check

CS

a. Customer Service

b. Computer Science

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

CSMA/CA

carrier sense multiple access with collision

avoidance

CSMA/CD

carrier sense multiple access/collision detection

CV

constant voltage

CW

continuous wave

cycle time

The time duration from the start of one cycle to

the start of the next.

D/A

digital-to-analog

DAC

digital-to-analog converter

dB

decibel

dBa

decibels adjusted

dBm (psoph)

noise power in dBm measured by a set with

psophometric weighting

dBm V

dB referred to 1 millivolt across 75 ohms

DBPSK

differential-binary phase-shift keying

dBr

power difference in dB between any point

 and a reference point

dBrn

dB above a reference noise

dBrnC

noise power in dBrn measured by a set with

 C-message weighting

dBrnC0

noise power in dBrnC referred to or measured

 at 0TLP

dBV

dB relative to 1 V (volt) peak-to-peak

dBW

dB referred to 1 W (watt)

dBx

dB above reference coupling

DC

direct current

DCA

direct chip attach

DCR

digital cellular service

DCT

discrete cosine transform

DDE

dynamic data exchange

DDS

direct digital synthesis

DECT

digital European cordless telecom

DES

Data Encryption Standard

DFM

design for manufacturability

DFS

Design For Serviceability

DFT

a. Design For Testability

b. Design for test

DG

Data generator.

DGPS

differential GPS

DIN

Deutsches Institut fur Normung

(German Institute for Standards)

DIP

dual in-line package

DL

a. Dual in-line

b. Defect level

DLL

a. Delay lock loop

b. dynamic link library

DMA

direct memory access

DMM

digital multimeter

DMT

Design Maturity Testing

DNL

differential nonlinearity

DNS

Domain Name System

DOS

disk operating system

DPM

a. Defects per Million

b. digital panel meter

DQPSK

differential-quadrature phase-shift keying

DRAM

dynamic random access memory

Driver

a. The circuitry that adds voltage levels to

input signals and applies the results to a DUT pin.

b. A software program intercating directly to

hardware

DSL

digital subscriber loop

DSO

digital sampling (or storage) oscilloscope

DSP

digital signal processor (or processing)

DUT

Device under test.

DVD

digital versatile disk

DVM

digital voltmeter

EBNF

Extended Backus - Naur Form

ECO

Engineering Change Order

ECR

a. Energy conservation ratio

b. Error Capture RAM.

EDA

electronic design automation

edge

An abrupt voltage or current change.

EDIF

Electronic Design Interchange Format

EDO

extended data out (RAM)

EDVT

Engineering Design Verification Testing

EEPROM

electrically erasable programmable read-only

 memory

EFT

electrical fast transient

EIA/J

Electronic Industries Association

EISA

extended ISA (PC bus)

ELF

extremely low frequency (<3 kHz)

EMC

electromagnetic compatibility

EMF

electromagnetic field

emf

electromotive force

EMI

electromagnetic interference

EMP

electromagnetic pulse

EMR

electromagnetic radiation

EN

Norme Européenne (European standard)

EOL

a. End of lot.

b. End of life

EOT

End of test.

EOW

End of wafer.

EPLD

erasable programmable logic device

EPP

enhanced parallel port

EPROM

erasable programmable read-only memory

ERP

a. Enterprise resource Planning

b. effective radiated power

ESD

electrostatic discharge

ESR

equivalent series resistance

ESS

environmental stress screening

ETS

equivalent time sampling

ETSI

European Telecommunications Standards

 Institute

EU

European Union

EUT

equipment under test

eV

electron volt

F/V

frequency-to-voltage

FA

failure analysis

FC

fiber channel

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FDDI

fiber distributed data interface

FDMA

frequency-division multiple access

FET

field-effect transistor

FFT

fast Fourier transform

FIFO

first-in, first-out

FIR

finite impulse response

FIT

fault isolation test

FM

frequency modulation

FMA

Failure mode analysis

FO

fiber-optic

FPGA

field-programmable gate array

FQFP

fine-pitch quad flat pack

FRU

Field Replaceable unit

FS

full scale

FSET

Format set.

FSK

frequency-shift keying

ftp

file transfer protocol

GFSK

Gaussian frequency-shift keying

gif

graphic image file

GMSK

Gaussian-filtered minimum-shift keying

GPIB

General Purpose Interface Bus; defined by

 ANSI/IEEE 488 - 1978.

GPS

Global Positioning System (or Satellite)

GSM

Global System for Mobile Communications

 (originally Groupe Spciale Mobile)

GUI

graphical user interface

HALT

highly accelerated life test

HASS

highly accelerated stress screening

HAST

highly accelerated stress test

HBM

human body model

HD

harmonic distortion

HDL

hardware description language

HDTV

high-definition television

HF

high frequency (3 MHz to 30 MHz)

hipot

high-potential

HPA

high-power amplifier

HTML

hypertext markup language

http

hypertext transfer protocol

HV

high voltage

Hz

hertz

I&E

Integration & Evaluation (Engineering)

I/O

input/output

IA

instrumentation amplifier

IC

integrated circuit

ICE

in-circuit emulator

ICT

In-Circuit Test

IDC

insulation displacement connector

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEE

Institution of Electrical Engineers (UK)

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics

 Engineers

IES

Institute of Environmental Sciences

IF

intermediate frequency

IFT

inverse fast Fourier transform

IGBT

insulated (or isolated) gate bipolar transistor

IIR

infinite impulse response

IMAPS

International Microelectronics and

 Packaging Society

IMD

intermodulation distortion

INL

integral nonlinearity

IPC

Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging

Electronic Circuits

IPS

Item Procurement Specification

IR

infrared radiation

IRQ

interrupt request

IS

Impact Statement

ISA

Instrument Society of America

ISDN

integrated services digital network

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

a. Internet service Provider

b. in-system programmable

ITS

Institute for Telecommunication Sciences

ITU

International Telecommunications Union

ITU-R

ITU radio communications unit

ITU-T

ITU telecommunications unit

JEDEC

Joint Electron Device Engineering Council

JIT

just in time

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

JTAG

Joint Test Action Group

KGD

known-good die

LAN

local area network

laser

light amplification by stimulated emission

 of radiation

LAT

Local area transport, a proprietary Digital

Equipment Corp. (now Compaq) protocol

used to transfer data to and from Digital hosts

LCC

leadless chip carrier

LCD

liquid crystal display

LED

light-emitting diode

LF

a. low frequency (30 kHz to 300 kHz)

b. Line feed

LGA

land-grid array

LIF

low-insertion force

LNA

low-noise amplifier

LO

local oscillator

lot

(device production context) A group of

semiconductor devices, usually from the same

production run, treated as a unit.

LR

Last Supply, Current Production

LRU

line replaceable unit

LSB

least significant bit

LSET

Level set.

LSI

large-scale integration

LUT

look-up table

LV

Large vector memory. This refers to the

memory module when used in vector testing

mode.

LVM

Linear Vector Mode

Marcom

Marketing Communications Organization

mask

To set a comparator state used to ignore the

result of a comparison.

MATE

modular automatic test equipment

MCC

Microelectronics and Computer Technology

Corporation (formerly Microelectronics and

Computer Consortium)

 

MCM

multichip module

MDA

Manufacturing Defects Analysis

MDA

manufacturing defects analyzer

MFP

mini flat pack

MIME

multipurpose (or multimedia) Internet mail

extension

MMIC

monolithic microwave integrated circuit

MOSFET

metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor

MP

Modification-Production

MPEG

Moving (or Motion) Picture Experts Group

MPU

microprocessor unit

MRP

Material Requirements Planning

MSB

most significant bit

MSI

medium-scale integration

MSK

minimum-shift keying

MTBF

mean time between failures

MTTR

mean time to repair

MUX

Multiplexer.

MXI

multiplatform extension for instrumentation

NCSL

National Council of Standards Laboratories

NEMA

National Electrical Manufacturers Association

NEP

noise equivalent power

NFS

Network file system

NIC

network interface card

NIST

National Institute of Standards and

Technology

NMRR

normal-mode rejection ratio

NP

Non-Production

NRE

Non-Recurring Engineering

NRZ

nonreturn to zero

NRZI

nonreturn to zero inverted

NTC

negative temperature coefficient

NTSC

National Television System Committee

NVLAP

National Voluntary Laboratory

Accreditation Program

OB

Obsolete

OCX

OLE control

OEM

original equipment manufacturer

OLE

object linking and embedding

OQPSK

offset-quadrature phase-shift keying

OS

operating system

OT

a.Obsolescent

b. Over time

OTDR

optical time-domain reflectometer

OVP

overvoltage protection

PA

a. power amplifier

b. Public address

PAL

programmable array logic

pattern

The binary data applied to and expected

from a DUT during a functional test.

PBI

Pattern binary interface. Files of this type

have a .pbi extension.

PCB

Printed Circuit Board

PCI

Peripheral Component Interconnect

PCM

pulse code modulation

PCMCIA

Personal Computer Memory Card

International Association

PCO

Product Change Order

P-Code

precise code

PCR

Product Change Request

PDH

plesio-synchronous digital hierarchy

PF

power factor

PGA

pin-grid array

PGgen

Pattern generator

pin

A metal stem connected to circuitry on

a chip to enable external access.

PIND

particle impact noise detection

pinlist

An array of pin-name/channel-number pairs.

PIV

peak inverse volts (or voltage)

PLA

programmable logic array

PLCC

plastic leaded chip carrier

PLD

programmable logic device

PLL

phase-locked loop

PM

pulse modulation

PMT

Project Management Team

PMU

Parametric measurement unit.

PO

Purchase Order

POR

Product Objectives and Requirements

POST

power-on self-test

POTS

plain old telephone service

PP

Pre-Production

p-p

peak-to-peak

PPD

Project Plan Document

ppm

parts per million

PPMU

Per pin parametric measurement unit.

PPO

Project Plan Outline

PQFP

plastic quad flat pack

PRCO

Pre-Release Change Order

PRF

pulse repetition frequency

PRN

pseudorandom noise

PROM

programmable read-only memory

PSD

power spectral density

PSET

Period set.

PSK

phase-shift keying

PSR

Production Scheduled Release

PSTN

public switched telephone network

PTC

Pull to center; a load tied to a voltage

midway between a specified high voltag

and a specified low voltage.

PVM

A synonym for vector mode.(Pattern

Vecot mode)

PWB

printed wiring board

PWM

pulse-width modulation

PXI

Peripheral Component Interconnect

QA

quality assurance

QAM

quadrature amplitude modulation

QC

quality control

QCPM

quadrature continuous phase modulation

QFP

quad flat pack

QML

qualified manufacturers list

QPL

qualified parts (or products) list

QPSK

quadrature phase-shift keying

R/W

read/write

RAM

random access memory

RAS

a. Reliability, avalibity and Serviceability

b. Row address scan

RC

resistor-capacitor

RCVR

receiver

RF

radio frequency

RFI

radio-frequency interference

RGB

red-green-blue

RH

relative humidity

RISC

Reduced-instruction-set computer.

RMS

root-mean-square

ROM

read-only memory

RPL

Replaceable Parts List

RS-232C

An ANSI standard interface for

interconnecting computers and peripherals

such as terminals, device handlers, and

wafer probers.

RT

real time

RTD

a. round trip delay

b. resistance temperature detector

RTM

Release to Manufacturing

RTOS

real-time operating system

S/H

sample and hold

S/N

a. signal-to-noise

b. Serial number

SA

spectrum analyzer

SAE

Society of Automotive Engineers

SAW

surface acoustic wave

SBC

a.                  a. Single board Computer

b. Surround by complement N precede

and trail a force pulse by its complement

within a test cycle.

SCPI

Standard Commands for Programmable

Instruments

SCSI

Small Computer Standard Interface

SDH

synchronous digital hierarchy

SDRAM

synchronous dynamic random access

memory

SECAM

System Electronique Couleur avec Memoire

SEM

scanning electron microscope

SEMI

Semiconductor Equipment and Materials

International Association

SFDR

spurious-free dynamic range

SFS

System Functional Specification

SI

International System of Units

SIA

Semiconductor Industry Association

SID

Society for Information Display

SIMM

single in-line memory module

SINAD

A Ratio = (signal+noise+distortion)

/(noise+distortion)

SIP

a. Service Implementation Plan

b. single in-line package

SIS

Service Impact Statement

site

A DUT position on a test head with

more than one such position.

SLAM

scanning laser acoustic microscope

slew rate

Rate of change of a voltage or current.

SLIC

subscriber-line interface circuit

SMART

a. stress marginality and accelerated

reliability testing

b. Like smart card

SMD

surface-mount device

SMEMA

Surface-Mount Equipment

Manufacturers Association

SMI

Service Maintenance Information

SMT

surface-mount technology

SMTA

Surface-Mount Technology Association

SNR

signal-to-noise ratio

SO

Sales Order

SOIC

small-outline integrated circuit

SOJ

small-outline integrated circuit with

J leads

SONET

synchronous optical network

SOP

small-outline package

SOT

small-outline transistor

SPC

statistical process control

SPE

System Performance Engineering

SPICE

simulation program with integrated

circuit emphasis

SPM

scanning probe microscope

spooler

A process that queues jobs for

background printing (or other tasks).

SQC

statistical quality control

SQPSK

staggered-quadrature phase-shift keying

SR

Serviceability Review

SRAM

static random access memory

SRP

Service Requirements Plan

SRS

System Requirements Specification

SSB

single sideband

SSOP

shrink small-outline package

SSP

Special Support Plan

STEM

scanning transmission electron

microscope

STP

a. shielded twisted pair

b. Software Technology park

STRIFE

stress and life

SUP

Service Update Program

SWEAT

standard wafer-level electromigration

accelerated test

SWR

a. standing wave ratio

b. Software

T/H

a. track and hold

b. Test head

Time zeroĐthe instance used as the

reference for the timed events of a device

test during one clock cycle.

TAB

tape automated bonding

TC

Temperature coefficient

TCE

thermal coefficient of expansion

TCP/IP

transmission control protocol/Internet

protocol

TDM

time-division multiplex

TDMA

time-division multiple access

TDR

time-domain reflectometer

TEM

Transverse electromagnetic mode

TG

Timing generator.

THD

total harmonic distortion

TIA

Telecommunications Industry Association

TIFF

tagged-image format file

TQFP

thin quad flat pack

TQM

total quality management

TSET

Timing set. The specification of cycle

length and edge placements that can be

referenced collectively.

TSOP

thin small-outline package

TTL

transistor-transistor logic

TUV

Technische Uberwachungs-Verein

(German test lab)

UDP

User defined protocal

UHF

ultra-high frequency (300 MHz to 3 GHz)

UPS

uninterruptible power supply

URL

uniform resource locator

USB

a. upper sideband

b. Universal Serial Port

UTP

unshielded twisted pair

UUT

unit under test

UV

ultraviolet

V/F

voltage-to-frequency

VA

volt-ampere

VAR

a. volt-ampere reactive

b. A variable in a software program

VB

Visual Basic

VBX

Visual Basic extension

VCO

voltage-controlled oscillator

VDE

Verband Deutscher Electrotechniker

(German national standards organization)

vector

A parallel vector is the functional logic

applied to a DUT during one clock cycle.

VFC

voltage-to-frequency converter

VHDL

VHSIC Hardware Description Language

VHF

very high frequency (30 MHz to 300 MHz)

VHSIC

very high speed integrated circuit

VISA

Virtual Instrument Software Architecture

VLF

very low frequency (below 30 kHz)

VLSI

very-large-scale integration

VME

versatile modular E-bus (A bus standard)

VQFP

very thin quad flat pack

VSOP

very small-outline package

VSWR

voltage standing-wave ratio

VXI

VMEbus extension for instrumentation

WAN

wide area network

WDM

wavelength-division multiplexing

WIP

Work in Process

WORM

write once, read many

XMTR

transmitter

ZIF

zero-insertion-force